Islamic religious practice in outer space

In October 2007, Malaysia sent their first astronaut into space. The thirty-six year old orthopedic surgeon Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor was sent to the International Space Station the 10th of October 2007 and returned to earth the 21st of October 2007. As the astronaut was a practicing Muslim the Malaysian space agency took measures to provide him with advice on religious practice in the form of a guideline for performing the Islamic rites at the space station, and adapted classical legal opinions on religious practice during travel to the new context of outer space. PDF icon ex