Forthcoming: Organ donation and transplantation medicine in Islam
13. November 2013
Fischer, Nils: “Organspende und Transplantationsmedizin im Islam.” Spectrum 25 (2013) 3.
Summary: Transplantation medicine, forms of organ donation and death criteria are extensively discussed in Germany. And also German Muslims and Islamic organizations in Germany participate in this debate. While most Muslims in Germany usually have little concern about the donation and transplantation of human organs, the discussion conducted in Islamic states is sometimes fierce. In this paper I present basic positions and concepts in the Islamic debate and illustrate practical challenges that arise for German hospitals. HTML Link to the journal (external)
Event note: “Islamic images of human creation”
10. June 2013
Nils Fischer “Islamic images of human creation: Consquences for current questions in society and medicine” on 23rd September 2013
Topics: The human creation is a central theme in the Quran. It does not only discuss the creation of Adam by God, but also the creation of every human being and its prenatal development. On this basis and taking into account other religious, medical and philosophical sources Islamic medieval scholars have developed an “Islamic embryology”. It was used by Islamic scholars to decide whether abortion and contraception are allowed or prohibited by Islamic law. Although the medieval assumptions about human prenatal development are outdated and replaced by modern scientific findings, the ancient texts are still of great importance for contemporary Muslims. This is reflected in the statements of Islamic scholars on various issues of reproductive medicine (e. g., in-vitro-fertilization and embryo research).
Place: Richard-Henkes-Saal, Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Vallendar
Time: 5.00–8.00 p. m.
Organiser: Institut für interkulturelle und interreligiöse Begegnung (IIIB), Institut für wissenschaftliche Weiterbildung (IWW), Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Vallendar (PTHV). Link (extern)
7. September 2012
Prenatal human life
The clarification of the moral and legal status of prenatal human life is necessary to answer some fundamental bioethical questions, such as whether abortion should be allowed, and whether research should be conducted using human embryos. The issues related to these questions are hotly debated in the Islamic societies. The debate resorts to the religious sources of Islam (the Koran and the Prophetic Tradition) and the classical positions of the scholars of the classical Islamic schools of law but also on the positions of contemporary Islamic scholars. While the classic texts have to read in the light of ancient and medieval natural philosophy and its theories of reproduction and prenatal development, contemporary texts are influenced by the findings of modern medicine and life sciences. The attempt to bring these two traditions together results in different solutions.
Fischer, Nils: Islamische Positionen zum pränatalen Leben. Freiburg, München: Alber, 2012 (Ethik in den Biowissenschaften – Sachstandsberichte des DRZE, 14).